||BIOCORE- A systems integration paradigm in the real-life development of a lignocellulosic biorefinery
|| Mountraki, A.D., Nikolakopoulos, A., Mlayah, B.B., Kokossis, A.C.
||Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, vol.29, p.1381-1385
||Biomass; Biorefinery; Flowsheeting; Modeling; Synthesis
||In the European Community the production of biofuels has seen a steep increase (IEA, 2010) but the production will not be competitive unless combined with a parallel production of chemicals. The emphasis on lignocellulosic supplies is entirely consistent with the underlying principles of sustainable development but industrial designs require a significant degree of systems integration across all the stages of process development. The overbearing role of a systems approach has been pronounced in the literature (Dimian, 2007, Sammons et al, 2008). The paper outlines a functional paradigm of real-life integration in an emerging European biorefinery with origins in the Pulp and Paper Industry. Mounted by new technology (CIMV process) and a systems paradigm to screen industrial chemistries (available from the BIOCORE experimental groups), the initial process advances into a real-life lignocellulosic biorefinery. The paper explains the systems paradigm further highlighting areas and methods that appear to define open problems in research. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
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